It is used to get rid of oedema (extra fluid). It is used to reduce the severity and duration of symptoms of altitude (mountain) sickness. It is used to stop or control seizures in certain types of epilepsy. It is used to treat glaucoma.
How does Acetazolamide work:
Acetazolamide gets rid of extra salt and water in the body. It calms the brain. It shortens the time it takes to get used to the high altitude. It lowers pressure in the eye.
How should Acetazolamide be used:
Acetazolamide comes as a tablet and capsule to take by mouth. Take with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach. Long-acting products: Swallow whole. Do not chew, break, or crush. There is a liquid (suspension) if you cannot swallow pills. Shake well before use.
Common side effects of Acetazolamide :
Upset stomach or throwing up; Bad taste in your mouth; Loose stools (diarrhea).
What do I do if I miss a dose
Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it. If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time. Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
What precautions should I take when taking Acetazolamide :
Tell your doctor if you are allergic to acetazolamide, sulfa drugs, diuretics, or any other drugs. If you have any of these health problems: Acidic blood problem, kidney disease, liver disease, low potassium levels, low sodium levels, lung disease, or poor adrenal function, inform your doctor. Acetazolamide may make your skin sensitive to sunlight.
When do I need to seek medical help
Seek help if you think there was an overdose or signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing, chest tightness, fever, itching, bad cough, blue or gray skin color, seizures, or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat. Seek help is a side effect or health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.
Can I take Acetazolamide with other medicines:
Tell your doctor about all medications you are taking, especially amphetamines, aspirin, cyclosporine, medications for depression or irregular heartbeat, digoxin, diuretics, lithium, phenobarbital, or vitamins